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20 Different Cryptocurrencies You Should Know

And, as noted above, there are new coins and tokens entering the market on a daily basis. As of this writing, the global crypto market cap is $998 billion, but that number fluctuates regularly — and will likely continue to do so. These days, though, the crypto market isn’t limited to just Bitcoin. There are thousands of others out there, and countless others enter the market on a regular basis. These coins, called “altcoins,” are spread across a wide range of blockchains, including Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, and others. The values and use cases of these coins are as varied as the tokens themselves, so it can be tough to narrow down the options.

What Are Altcoins, Coins, and Tokens

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What are the top 10 altcoins?

According to CoinMarketCap data, there are over 17,000 altcoins in circulation as of February 2022, with more being created all the time. Simply put, an altcoin is any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin or Ethereum, which means the vast majority of the crypto market is technically altcoins. The quality and legitimacy of these coins vary; some projects go on to spur large and active user bases, while others fizzle out and are painted with the dreaded “shitcoin” label. The beauty of altcoins and their current uncertainties are their seemingly limitless potential; there are altcoins for a huge variety of investor types, with more being developed as you read this.

What Are Altcoins, Coins, and Tokens

This article will touch on some of the altcoins–Dash 2 Trade,, Calvaria, Tamadoge and others. In many cases, it may make sense to opt for holding your tokens in a wallet outside of the exchange instead. That’s generally the safest option, but again, it’s important to understand the ins and outs of using a wallet off an exchange before you take that route. Once you’ve narrowed down that option, you may want to determine what features you want from the platform. Some are likely to be easier to navigate for new investors, and others require a steep learning curve or a solid cache of knowledge about the market and the tech behind crypto.

That’s quite a crowd considering that Bitcoin only launched in 2009. The expanded Crypto Assets and Cyber Unit will continue to leverage the agency’s expertise to ensure that investors are protected in the crypto markets. Could the author of that paper have known then that the public release of Bitcoin would set the world on a path toward economic and social change the likes of which it could not have imagined? Yet, today, there are thousands of different cryptocurrencies for investors to learn about. A wrapped cryptocurrency is an ERC-20 token that has the exact value as the other asset it represents.


Shiba Inu cryptocurrency is what’s known as a “meme coin,” or a cryptocurrency based on a meme. A meme coin is a cryptocurrency or crypto token based on a viral joke or cultural reference. Projects built around meme coins rely heavily on social media hype to attract new users/investors. Shiba Inu was inspired by Dogecoin , the original meme coin created in 2014 that uses the image of a Shiba Inu dog, and which we discussed above.

The crypto community created the term “hodl” in an effort to encourage people to hold on to their crypto assets for the long term. “Hodl” means “hold on for dear life,” and to resist the impulse of selling when the value of their crypto drops or rises. Speculation is a powerful driver of the crypto markets so it’s important to do your research before investing in any altcoin. Half-baked whims and trading based on rumors are exactly what the experts advise against.

Pros and cons of altcoins

The ledger allows a party to prove they own the Bitcoin they’re trying to use and can help prevent fraud and other unapproved tampering with the currency. A decentralized currency can also make peer-to-peer money transfers faster and less expensive than traditional currency exchanges involving a third-party institution. The main reason, however, behind an altcoin failing is lack of utility. This means that the use case of an altcoin overlaps with another more popular altcoin – they both offer very similar features and services to the user. In 2018 alone, more than 1,000 cryptocurrencies failed, meaning they traded for values below US$ 0.01. Even though tokens depend on the underlying smart contract platform, this can be an intermediate stage for a project.

  • Developers are charged in Ether for using the computing power in the network.
  • Stablecoins are digital currencies pegged one-to-one to a fiat currency, such as the US dollar or another form of collateral.
  • Some consider blockchain file storage a new, decentralized version of popular cloud storage platforms like Google Drive.
  • If you are worried about regulatory action you can always invest in Bitcoin and Ethereum, which American regulators have clearly defined as commodities.

Tokens behave very similarly to cryptocurrencies, in the sense that they are a type of currency that exists on a blockchain, and can be transferred from one account to another. However, unlike cryptocurrencies, their behaviour is not built into the blockchain software itself. Instead, their behaviour comes about by implementations in smart contracts. These smart contracts tally the units of the token transferred between accounts. According to blockchain data company Chainalysis, criminals laundered US$8,600,000,000 worth of cryptocurrency in 2021, up by 30% from the previous year.

Learn More About Buying Cryptocurrency

A security token is a digital token that represents the value of an underlying asset like traditional private security. It can represent shares in a company, interest in a fund or trust, a home, an art collection, a farm, or essentially any asset that a person can own. This content is for informational purposes only and is not investment advice. You should consult a qualified licensed advisor before engaging in any transaction.

What Are Altcoins, Coins, and Tokens

There is no guarantee that any investment strategy will work under all market conditions or is suitable for all investors. Each investor should evaluate their ability to invest long term, especially during periods of downturn in the market. Investors should not substitute these materials for professional services, and should seek advice from an independent advisor before acting on any information presented. Like every form of investing, there are pros and cons to investing in altcoins. On the plus side, there are a wide variety of altcoins available, and many of them were created specifically to improve on aspects of Bitcoin, such as higher transaction speeds and lower fees. Some are also built with additional functions that enable a broader array of use cases beyond finance.

Formal definition

The strictest definition of an altcoin, short for “alternative coin,” is any cryptocurrency other than market leader Bitcoin. But, increasingly, cryptocurrencies including Ethereum, Litecoin, and Dogecoin are being excluded, along with Bitcoin, from the altcoin definition. RIA is arguably the next token to explode in the cryptocurrency space. Because of its innovative and dynamic appeal, RIA sits in the same echelon as the other mentioned tokens.

Here’s an overview of some of the most popular digital coins and how each is being used. This article does not constitute investment advice, nor is it an offer or invitation to purchase any crypto assets. Some industry players contend that all cryptocurrencies have developed because of Bitcoin and that up to 99 percent of all altcoins will eventually be worthless. Yet, it would lead to great price differences if five different projects were to bring a utility token for the same stock out on five different blockchains.


New SoFi members who buy at least $50 worth of crypto in the first seven days are eligible for a bonus of up to $100 in bitcoin. Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Dogecoin, Litecoin, and Cardano can be traded 24/7. Plus, SoFi takes security seriously and uses a number of tools to keep investors’ crypto holdings secure.

Because they’re tied to tangible assets, stablecoins are generally less volatile than other forms of cryptocurrency, which many people see as an advantage. Some investors see a benefit in holding stablecoins as a hedge cryptocurrencies VS tokens differences against other more volatile cryptocurrencies in their portfolio. That said, the stability of stablecoins’ value may be a downside in the eyes of investors who hope to realize returns on their crypto holdings.

Bullish Token Unlocks Buck Bear Market Trend in Spur to Altcoin Season

Notable stablecoins include Tether’s USDT, MakerDAO’s DAI, and the USD Coin . Experts caution that Bitcoin is highly speculative, and altcoins are even more so. Ethereum, the most widely heard-about altcoin, has grown significantly since its 2015 launch, thanks to its smart contract capabilities and the popularity of digitally scarce art known as non-fungible tokens . ETH has a market cap of more than $500 billion at the time of writing this article. Cryptographic tokens are digital units of value created on the blockchain, BUT not on their own blockchain. Crypto tokens are digital assets that do not have their own blockchain, instead they use the blockchain of a different cryptocurrency.

The word Altcoin is a portmanteau of “alternative” and “coin”, to form “altcoin”. It actually refers to a group of cryptocurrencies, ultimately all the cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin. This kind of stablecoins is backed by an over-collateralised system. The most successful example is DAI, in which the stablecoin is backed by PETH, and its value is correlated to Ethereum. Since the collaterals are more volatile in terms of price, users need to have more than USD $1.5 worth of PETH to borrow USD $1 of DAI.

With BitPay you can even buy altcoins with a credit card, debit card, or Apple Pay. Meme coins are alt coins that for one reason or another have enjoyed a certain degree of viral fame. Because their value is almost always entirely driven by online hype and social media buzz, meme coins are highly speculative and volatile cryptocurrencies. Some noteworthy examples of meme coins include Dogecoin and Shiba Inu . Ethereum developers need to learn new programming languages specifically designed for Ethereum smart contracts, namely Solidity and Vyper. There are currently over 2,000 DApps in the Ethereum ecosystem, including but not limited to games, gambling, identity, decentralised exchange, and other financial instruments.

Cryptocurrency: The Catch-All Term

However, research in 2021 by the UK’s financial regulator suggests such warnings either went unheard, or were ignored. Fewer than one in 10 potential cryptocurrency buyers were aware of consumer warnings on the FCA website, and 12% of crypto users were not aware that their holdings were not protected by statutory compensation. The FCA recommends making use of its warning list, which flags unauthorized financial firms. Transactions that occur through the use and exchange of these altcoins are independent from formal banking systems, and therefore can make tax evasion simpler for individuals. There are also centralized databases, outside of blockchains, that store crypto market data. Compared to the blockchain, databases perform fast as there is no verification process.

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20 Different Cryptocurrencies You Should Know
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